Exercises of Practical Life encompass activities that enable the child to learn skills for everyday tasks. The materials used are the kind found in most homes (pitchers, tools, brooms, etc.), except they are all child-sized. This allows the child to do real work in the environment without needing adult assistance. In the process, the child develops his coordination in movement, sense of balance and grace in conduct.
Understanding that the child is a sensorial explorer who discovers the world through direct experience of it, Dr. Maria Montessori developed the Sensorial curriculum to assist children in their sensory exploration and interpretation. Montessori provides for materials to help refine the child’s senses – visual, aural, smell, taste and touch – and create opportunities to connect concrete physical experiences with more abstract concepts.
The Montessori classroom is designed in such a way that all activities gear themselves naturally toward the development of the skills required for oral and written language and reading. Children learn letters through their experience with shapes and forms. They gradually learn to weave letters into words, words into sentences and sentences into thoughts, stories, ideas. They develop a love for reading and are encouraged to express their thoughts through words.
Montessori math incorporates memory like other education programs, but begins first with concrete, sensorial experiences of materials that express, in a physical way.
Children at this age possess a natural curiosity for their surroundings. They have an intense desire to learn about their environment and make sense of the world around them. They are incessantly making efforts to find their place and become one with their environment.
We cannot bring the whole wide world to them. Instead, we give them an opportunity catch a glimpse of the wonderful world. The children are first introduced to the whole and then encouraged to explore the various parts that constitute the whole. Through direct experience with indoor and outdoor environments, local neighbourhood walks, interactions with subject-matter experts, and field trips, our children become truly conscious of the world and its diverse, natural and human-influenced marvels and concerns.